|Прослушайте шесть высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.|
|1.||It’s another time to spend money.|
|2.||Valentines make a big business.|
|3.||Its traditions tend to fade.|
|4.||It’s a traditional Valentine’s Day present and no one should spare money for it.|
|5.||Even journalists need information about Valentine’s Day.|
|6.||Writing Valentines has a very long history.|
|7.||There’s always something against the Day.|
|Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А–G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.|
|Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3–9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.|
|Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.|
|2||City’s cultural life|
|3||Natural resource as attraction|
|4||The greatest achievement|
|7||Where the name comes from|
|8||Too important to be left alone|
|A||The word “Perm” first appeared in the 12th century in the Primary Chronicle,|
the main source describing the early history of the Russian people. The Perm
were listed among the people who paid tribute to the Rus. The origin of the
word “Perm” remains unclear. Most likely, the word came from the Finno-
Ugric languages and meant “far land” or “flat, forested place”. But some local
residents say it may have come from Per, a hero and the main character of
many local legends.
|B||Novgorodian traders were the first to show an interest in Perm. Starting from|
the 15th century, the Muscovite princes included the area in their plans to
create a unified Russian state. During this time the first Russian villages
appeared in the northern part of the region. The first industry to appear in the
area was a salt factory, which developed on the Usolka river in the city of
Solikamsk. Rich salt reserves generated great interest on the part of Russia’s
wealthiest merchants, some of whom bought land there.
|C||The history of the modern city of Perm starts with the development of the Ural|
region by Tsar Peter the Great. Perm became the capital of the region in 1781
when the territorial structure of the country was reformed. A special
commission determined that the best place would be at the crossroads of the
Trans-Siberian Railroad, which runs east-west and the Kazan line, which runs
north-south. This choice resulted in Perm becoming a major trade and
industrial centre. The city quickly grew to become one of the biggest in the
|D||Perm is generally stable and peaceful, so the shocks of 1917 did not reach it|
right away. Neither did they have the same bloody results as in Petrograd.
Perm tried to distance itself from the excesses and did not share the enthusiasm
for change of its neighbours. Residents supported more moderate parties. They
voted for the establishment of a west European style democracy in Russia.
Unfortunately, the city could not stay completely unaffected, as both the White
and the Red armies wanted its factories.
|E||Perm’s desire for stability and self-control made the region seem like a|
“swamp” during the democratic reforms of the 1990s. Unlike other regions,
there were no intense social conflicts or strikes. Nevertheless, Perm was always
among the regions that supported the democratic movement. In the 1999
elections, the party that wanted to continue the reforms won a majority in the
region. So the city got an unofficial status of “the capital of civil society” or
even “the capital of Russian liberalism”.
|F||During the Second World War many factories were moved to Perm Oblast and|
continued to work there after it ended. Chemicals, non-ferrous metallurgy, and
oil refining were the key industries after the war. Other factories produced
aircraft engines, equipment for telephones, ships, bicycles, and cable. Perm
press produces about 70 percent of Russia’s currency and stamped envelopes.
Nowadays several major business companies are located in Perm. The biggest
players of Russian aircraft industry are among them.
|G||Perm has at least a dozen theatres featuring productions that are attracting|
audiences from faraway cities, and even from abroad. The broad esplanade
running from the city’s main square has become the site of almost continuous
international art, theatre and music fairs during the summer. Even the former
prison camp with grim walls outside town was converted into a theater last July
for a production of “Fidelio”, Beethoven’s opera about political repression. The
performance was well-reviewed.
|Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.|
The life of Pi
“The Life of Pi” published in 2001 is the third book by the Canadian author Yann Martel. It has A_______________________, won several prizes and been translated into forty-one languages. At the start of the book, we B_______________________ in India. His father owns the city zoo and the family home is in the zoo. When they aren’t at school, Pi and his brother help their father at the zoo and he learns a lot about
animals. When Pi is sixteen, his parents decide to close the zoo and move to Canada. They travel by ship taking the animals with them. On the way, there is C_______________________. Sadly, Pi’s family and the sailors all die in the storm, but Pi lives and finds himself in a lifeboat with a hyena, zebra, orangutan and an enormous tiger. At first, Pi is scared of the animals and jumps into the ocean. Then he remembers there are sharks in the water and decides to climb back into the lifeboat. One by one, the animals in the lifeboat kill and eat each other, till only Pi and the tiger are left alive. Luckily for Pi, there is D_______________________, but he soon needs to start catching fish. He feeds the tiger to stop it killing and eating him. He also uses a whistle and E_______________________ and show it that he’s the boss. Pi and the tiger spend 227 days in the lifeboat. They live through terrible storms and the burning heat of the Pacific sun. They are often hungry and ill. Finally, they arrive at the coast of Mexico, but you will have to F_______________________ in the end!
- read the book to find out what happens
- some food and water on the lifeboat
- his knowledge of animals to control the tiger
- received an award for being strong
- sold seven million copies worldwide
- learn about Pi’s childhood in Pondicherry
- a terrible storm and the ship sinks
|Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12–18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.|
The culture shock of being an international student
For any student, moving away from home can be a bit scary. But I did not expect student life in Scotland to be all that different from my home of the Netherlands. After all, we get the same news and TV shows online. Many students find the northwest climate can affect them a lot. You may find the grayness and dampness, especially during the winter months, difficult to get used to. However, when I moved from Amsterdam to study at the University of Stirling, I began to realise that a few minor issues were catching me off balance. I was suffering
a minor cultural shock.
In my first year, I quickly found out my English was not as good as I had assumed. Most of my roommates were born and raised in Scotland, and I constantly found myself having to ask people to repeat themselves. Their Scottish accents did not help and I was mispronouncing names and places all the time. I also got confused about minor cultural things. Much to my flatmates’ amusement, it took me two Christmases to figure out that mince pies are not actually filled with minced beef.
The linguistic barrier meant that public transport was tricky at first. I found the lack of information about bus prices and how and where to get tickets really surprising. It turned a simple 15-minute journey into a daunting task. Then I had to adjust to a new social life. I was surprised by the campus culture in the UK – in the Netherlands, most universities don’t have one main campus where you can attend university, as well as live and exercise all in the same place. But here, you never have to leave campus if you don’t want to. I had to adapt to everyone being so close to each other all the time.
Parties are different here too. In the Netherlands, the less effort you put into getting ready, the better. I’d normally slip on my trusty Converse shoes, along with some clothes I could get away with wearing to class tomorrow, and wear minimal make-up. But, in my experience, partying is more formal in the UK. Your make-up needs to be flawless and your hair needs to be immaculate. You’ll preferably be wearing a dress and heels, too. I was constantly having to borrow clothes off my friends just to fit in. Parties finish early and everyone just wanders off, whereas in my country that would be the time I’d leave the house.
But it is not all early closing times and strange pastries. Social behaviours may also confuse, surprise or offend you. For example, you may find people appear cold, distant or always in a hurry. Cultures are built on deeply-embedded sets of values, norms, assumptions and beliefs. It can be surprising and sometimes distressing to find that people do not share some of your most deeply held ideas, as most of us take our core values and beliefs for granted and assume they are universally held.
However, I have found lots of pleasant surprises in the UK too – and so have many other international students I know. My friend Agnes was taken aback by how sociable people are. She says she was shocked when complete strangers started talking to her at the bus stop. I, personally, was surprised by how smartly male students in Stirling dress compared to my home country. Culture shock can knock your confidence in the beginning. But you are not alone in taking time to adapt, and soon you start to come to grips with all experiences. Studies suggest that taking a gap year or studying abroad can positively influence your brain to make you more outgoing and open to new ideas.
Looking back, most of the ones I experienced made good stories to tell my friends.
|Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19–25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19–25.|
|Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26–31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26–31.|
|Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32–38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32–38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.|
I never took Olivia to the theatre, but it was there I met her. I 32___________ the habit now of going every Saturday night, usually alone, sometimes with George. It was George who 33 ___________ me to Olivia Nelson. She was an only child whose father, a cotton merchant, had died and left her all he had. She was not very beautiful but she was tall, very graceful, smartly dressed and 34 ___________ me at once. Olivia got interested when George said that I was a novelist. Novelists were not too common in Cornwell then, though I believe they are now as numerous as knights. Olivia adored famous people. She was delighted to meet me. It turned 35___________ that Olivia had read my books, at least some of them and she liked them. She could 36____________ intelligently about them. She praised them and criticized them with a good deal of common sense. She discussed new plays and new books with me. She developed a habit of being wherever I was to be found. We had a few meals together at restaurants, and I 37______________ that I was dressing with unusual care. She was so excited and happy, so full of good conversation, that I was charmed and captivated by her company. But I couldn’t help thinking that something was wrong. There was no 38____________ to think the worst. However, I couldn’t make myself propose to her.
При выполнении заданий 32-38 вам поможет:
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Olivia who
… I know it’s often cold in Russia in winter. What do you usually do not to catch a cold? What is a healthy lifestyle for you? How can you catch up with the class if you do fall ill?
My cousins have come to stay with us for the weekend …
Write a letter to Olivia.
In your letter
– answer her questions
– ask 3 questions about her cousins
Write 100–140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
Выберите только ОДНО из двух предложенных высказываний (40.1 или 40.2), укажите его номер в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2 и выразите своё мнение по предложенной проблеме согласно данному плану.
Comment on one of the following statements.
40.1 Science is the first thing to be financed in the modern world.
40.2 An early choice of a career path is the key to success.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200–250 words.
Use the following plan:
− make an introduction (state the problem paraphrasing the given statement)
− express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion
− express an opposing opinion and give 1–2 reasons for this opposing opinion
− explain why you do not agree with the opposing opinion
− make a conclusion restating your position
Удачи на экзамене!