Прослушайте шесть высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
|1.||A diary in your mobile may be a good idea.|
|2.||This way to remember things doesn’t go well with hygiene.|
|3.||One should keep used diaries and daily planners.|
|4.||This technique is not good for remembering things.|
|5.||Good memory may be a question of genetics.|
|6.||Writing things on pieces of paper is convenient.|
|7.||Keeping a diary can help not to forget things.|
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А–G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
Прослушайте интервью. В заданиях А8–А14 укажите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.
Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
|1||When we don’t sleep|
|2||Not only for humans|
|3||How dreaming helps|
|4||When we dream|
|5||Why dreams can be scary|
|6||What we feel dreaming|
|7||How we forget dreams|
|8||How we remember dreams|
|A||Even though our dreams may feel like they last for hours and hours, we hardly|
spend more than two hours dreaming each night, which means a person spends
a total of nearly six years dreaming throughout a lifetime. In general there are
four phases of the sleep cycle and all dreaming occurs practically at the final
phase. Each of these sleep cycles lasts approximately 60 to 90 minutes and may
repeat several times throughout the night.
|B||Anxiety is the most popular emotion experienced in dreams. Many people|
dream of falling, which is often connected to something in our lives that is
going in the wrong direction. In addition, dreams of being chased are very
common and are linked to avoidance. Also people report dreams about their
teeth falling out, which is related to the words and communication we might
have in real life.
|C||Dreaming helps people make sense of the information and events that occur in|
their lives. Dreams play an important role in processing and remembering
information that we absorb daily. Also, they help reduce stress and even solve
problems. It’s very possible to work through real-life problems while dreaming
at night. In addition, dreams provide a lot of important content and meaning
that can be used to inspire and direct our lives during the day.
|D||Nearly 5 to 10% of adults have nightmares. There are several reasons for it, for|
example when people start taking certain medications or when they withdraw
from drugs. Some physical conditions, such as stress or illness, can also be
a trigger. However, in some cases adults may have frequent nightmares that are
unrelated to their everyday lives, which may signify that they are more
creative, sensitive, and emotional than the average person.
|E||There is no person who does not have dreams, but not everybody recalls them.|
The most vivid dreams happen during the Rapid Eye Movement sleep stage
when the brain is extremely active and the eyes move back and forth quickly
underneath the eyelids. Although dream recall varies from person to person,
some people have little or no recollection of the content, and around 90% of
dreams are gone following the first 10 minutes of waking up.
|F||Scientists have found that animals also dream and their subconscious thoughts|
are connected to real experiences. Animals’ dreams are complex, containing
long sequences of events. Animals’ brains share the same series of sleeping
states as the brain of human beings. Analyzing animals’ dreams and the content
of their dreams may help scientists treat memory disorders and develop new
ways for people to learn and retain information more effectively.
|G||Only five minutes after the end of a dream and half of the content is likely to|
vanish from our memories. It’s not that dreams aren’t important enough to
keep in mind, but other things tend to get in the way. Dream researcher L.
Strumpell believes that dreams disappear from our memories for a number of
factors. For example, we may not recall dream images that lack intensity,
association or repetition, which are usually needed for dream recall.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.
Promoting language learning
The European Union (EU) is committed to supporting the rights of its
citizens to personal and professional mobility, and their ability to communicate
with each other. It does so by A_____________________ to promote the teaching
and learning of European languages. These programmes have at least one thing in
common: they cover cross-border projects involving partners from two, and often
three or more, EU countries.
The EU programmes are designed to complement the national education
policies of member countries. Each government is responsible for its own national
education policy, B_____________________. What the EU programmes do is to
create links between countries and regions via joint projects,
Since 2007 the main programmes have been put under the overall umbrella
of the EU’s lifelong learning programme. All languages are eligible for support
under this programme: official languages, regional, minority and migrant
languages, D_____________________. There are national information centres in
each country, E_____________________.
The cultural programmes of the EU also promote linguistic and cultural
diversity in a number of ways. The “Media” programme funds the dubbing and
subtitling of European films for F _________. The “Culture”
programme builds cross-cultural bridges by supporting the translation of modern
authors into other EU languages.
- and the languages of the EU’s major trading partners
- which includes language teaching and learning
- cinemas and television in other EU countries
- which enhance the impact of language teaching and learning
- funding a number of educational programmes
- and encouraging people to learn new languages
- where details about the application procedures are given
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12–18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному
Space could solve water problems
Have you ever tasted saltwater? I guess you have and if so, you will agree
with me that it’s not very refreshing. In fact, drinking more than a few cups worth
can kill you.
According to the United States Geological Survey, whose mission is to
collect and disseminate reliable, impartial, and timely information that is needed to
understand the nation’s water resources, about ninety-seven percent of the water on
our planet is saltwater; the rest is stored in lakes, rivers, glaciers and aquifers
underground. Moreover, only about one-third of the world’s potential fresh water
can be used for human needs. As pollution increases, the amount of usable water
Water is the most precious and taken-for-granted resource we have on Earth.
It is also one of the most threatened resources. Increased population and possible
climate change will put more and more strain on supplies of this vital resource as
time goes on. What could we do in this situation? Though it may seem like science
fiction, the solution could lie in outer space.
I’m not saying we’re going to be teleporting to a spring on the other side of
the galaxy or colonizing another planet just to have longer showers – it’s much
more mundane than that. What we could achieve realistically in this century is the
successful use of the solar system’s rare metals and water, barring the invention of
You may be surprised to learn that the metal in your keys, coins, cell phone,
computer, car and everywhere else, originally came to this planet from space.
When Earth formed, the heavy metals sank to the center and formed a solid core.
The lighter elements formed the mantle and the crust we live on. Asteroids and
comets that struck the Earth brought water and metals to the surface.
There are thousands of asteroids orbiting near Earth. Most asteroids are
made of rock, but some are composed of metal, mostly nickel and iron. Probes
could be sent out to these to identify useful ones. Then larger probes could push
them towards the Earth where they can be handled in orbit.
In order to fuel ships and probes, we simply need to find a source of water,
such as a comet or the surface of the moon. We collect the water and pass an
electric current through it from a solar panel. The water separates into oxygen and
hydrogen, which in liquid form is a powerful rocket fuel.
Is this really possible? We may soon find out. Private company SpaceX has
already started delivering equipment to the International Space Station (ISS).
The ISS is proof that countries once at each other’s throats, like America and
Russia, can work together and pull off multi-billion dollar projects.
Recently, a company called Planetary Resources Inc. made the news for
getting big names like Google and Microsoft to invest in exploring asteroids for material gain. Although it will take many decades, it is wise to put the gears in
We’ve already landed probes on the surface of asteroids and taken samples
from them. We can put something as large as the ISS, which weighs just short of
500 tons, according to National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), in
We can make a half-million-mile round-trip to get rocks from the moon. We
can do all of these things already. They just need to be applied and developed in
a smart way.
Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных
номерами 19–25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19–25.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26–31,
однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными
словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26–31.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32–38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32–38, в которых представлены
возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
When the war ended I returned to Trinity College and was granted an extra year to complete my degree. 32 ____________________ my father and mother considered my grant at Trinity the highlight of the year, I thought Dad’s receiving an award from the Queen was more important. The ceremony turned 33 ______________________ to be a double delight, because I was able to witness my old tutor, Professor Bradford, receive his award for the role he had played in the field of breaking German military codes 34 ______________________ the war. I was proud of our little team working under Professor Bradford – as Churchill stated in the House of Commons, we had probably cut the length of the war by a year. We all met up afterwards for tea at the Ritz, and not unnaturally at some 35 _____________________ during the afternoon the conversation switched to what career I proposed to follow now the war was over. To my father’s credit he had never once 36 _____________________ that I should join him at the family company, especially as I knew how much he had longed for another son who might eventually 37 ___________________ his place. In fact, during the summer vacation I became even more conscious of my good fortune, as Father seemed to be preoccupied with the business and Mother was unable to hide her own anxiety about the future of the company. But whenever I asked if I could help all she would 38 __________________ was, “Don’t worry, it will all work out in the end.”
При выполнении заданий 32-38 вам поможет:
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Joan who writes:
… When I forget to take an umbrella in summer, it always rains. What’s the weather like in summer where you live? What do you usually do when it rains? How do you protect yourself from bad weather?
I bought new shoes two days ago, but now I think I should take them back to the store …
Write a letter to Joan.
In your letter
– answer her questions
– ask 3 questions about her new shoes
Write 100–140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
Выберите только ОДНО из двух предложенных высказываний (40.1 или 40.2), укажите его номер в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2 и выразите своё мнение
по предложенной проблеме согласно данному плану.
Comment on one of the following statements.
40.1 Exams motivate students to study harder.
40.2 It is better for children to grow up in the city.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200–250 words.
Use the following plan:
– make an introduction (state the problem paraphrasing the given
– express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion;
– express an opposing opinion and give 1–2 reasons for this opposing
– explain why you do not agree with the opposing opinion;
– make a conclusion restating your position.
Удачи на экзамене!