ТЕСТ 4

Задание 1

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1Teaching abroad doesn’t seem nice to some people.
2My relative is a role model for me in terms of working abroad.
3Some countries offer good career opportunities for beginning teachers.
4Relatives are happy when you decide not to teach abroad.
5I’m going to spend my gap year teaching English abroad.
6Teaching abroad is a way to change your life.
7Don’t hesitate to write to the employer if you need the job.

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A
B
C
D
E
F

Задание 2

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А–G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.

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Lucy wasn’t at school for several days.
Lucy felt bad because of overeating.
Lucy’s mother is a doctor.
Peter did exercises with the map of the UK.
Peter is not afraid of the test.
Peter offers his notes to Lucy.
Lucy and Peter are going to review for the test later.

Задания 3-9

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3–9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

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Carl Fox says that he …
Which of the following is TRUE about Carl Fox’s reasons for wanting to work in a
travel agency?
Which of the following is NOT Carl’s responsibility?
Which of the following is Carl’s responsibility if his client is flying?
What kind of holiday do modern customers prefer to order nowadays, according to
Carl?
According to Carl, what’s the best thing in providing personalized service?
Carl told a story about his client who …

Задание 10

Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1For information and urgent help
2World without buttons
3To monitor and treat the disease
4A built-in charger
5Key under your skin
6Big brother is watching you
7Disadvantages of tech
8Phone always on you
ASure, we’re virtually connected to our phones 24/7 now, but what if we could
be literally plugged in to our phones? That’s already starting to happen. Last
year, for instance, artist Anthony Antonellis had a chip put in his arm that
could store and transfer data to his handheld smartphone. And researchers are
already experimenting with sensors that turn human bone into living speakers.
BIn the future patients will be able to use implantable technologies to diagnose
and even treat diseases. Scientists in London are developing swallowable
capsule-sized chip that will control fat levels in obese patients and generate
genetic material that makes them feel “full”. It has potential as an alternative to
surgery to handle obesity. Also it can monitor blood-sugar levels for diabetics.
CThe U.S. military has programs to identify any person using face scanning
device. Some people see it as a doubtless advantage: improved crime fighting,
secure elections and never a lost child again. However, such technologies can
hammer against social norms and raise privacy issues. And one day there might
be a computer to see all, know all and control all.
DOne of the challenges for implantable tech is delivering power to devices
which are inside human bodies. You can’t plug them in as you do with your
phone or computer. You can’t easily take them out to replace a battery. A team
in Cambridge is working on specific bio batteries that can generate power
inside the body, transfer it wirelessly where needed, and then simply melt
away.
ESoon tattoos will not only make you look cool but will be able to perform
useful tasks, like opening your car or entering smartphone codes with a fingerpoint.
Researchers have made an implantable skin fibers thinner than a human
hair. Scientists are working on the chip that can be put inside a finger through a
tattoo-like process, letting you unlock things or enter codes simply by pointing.
FThe British research team is developing pills with microprocessors in them that
can text to hospitals directly from inside your body. The pills can share inside
info to help doctors know if you are taking your medication properly and if it is
having the desired effect. Moreover, in case of emergency, it can send a signal
to the computer and the ambulance will come straight away.
GLately touchscreens are everywhere – from computers, phones, tablets to car
systems and vending machines. Even doorbells now include touch screen
controls. One has to wonder: are we moving to a world of only touchscreen
devices? And the answer is probably yes. We are coming to an age where every
flat or even curved surface could be made a touchscreen and we can operate
from it.

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A
B
C
D
E
F
G

Задание 11

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

Visiting the Royal Parks
London has a well-deserved reputation as one of the greenest cities in
Europe, with a huge number of open spaces across the center of the city. Tourists
A_______________________ can always relax in a lovely, quiet London park.
The Royal Parks, such as St James’s, Green Park, the Regent’s Park, Hyde
Park, Richmond, Greenwich, Bushy Park and Kensington Gardens, are beautifully
maintained and popular with locals and visitors alike. Many are former hunting
estates of English monarchs, preserved as open space
B_______________________. They are ideal places to relax and sunbathe in
summer, enjoy gorgeous flower beds in spring C_______________________.
The Royal Parks provide fantastic green routes in London
D_______________________ and through some of the most attractive areas of the
capital. Picnics in the parks are also a popular activity especially during the busy
summer months.
Dogs are welcome in all the Royal Parks, although there are some places
E_______________________. These are clearly indicated within each park and
are usually ecologically sensitive sites, children’s play areas, restaurants, cafes and
some sports areas. Ground nesting birds are particularly sensitive to disturbance by
dogs and people. So it is necessary to observe the warning signs
F_______________________. In Bushy Park and Richmond Park dogs should be
kept away from the deer.
The Royal Parks are for everyone to enjoy.

1. that are displayed during the nesting season
2. while the city has grown up around them
3. and admire the changing leaves as autumn arrives
4. where they are not allowed or should be kept on a lead
5. who are tired of the noise, crowds and excitement of sightseeing
6. who does not know the route to the place of destination
7. that take cyclists away from traffic

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A
B
C
D
E
F

Задания 12-18

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12–18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Driverless cars
Driverless cars are expected to be rolling into the streets within the next 20
years. In fact, they’ve legally been on the roads for the past years, approved for
testing purposes. It is predicted that driverless vehicles will be commercially
available at a high cost within 7 years, but it may take another 8 years for prices to
drop enough to spur mass consumption.
Today, the discussions focus primarily on the shifting of accident liability to
manufacturers and all the goodness that comes along with reducing accidents. A
truly driverless road would not be accident-free as there would still be a number of
accidents caused by mechanical or computer errors, weather conditions,
pedestrians and sheer random chance. But it would make the now-routine loss of
life on the roads far rarer.
The concept of a “driver” will be replaced with that of an “operator”, who
simply programs the vehicle’s GPS to arrive at the desired destination and pushes
the “Start” button to begin the trip. Since judgment will no longer be required of
the operator, they won’t need a driver’s license. Theoretically, a 10-year-old child
could independently take the car to school in the morning.
Computer-operated cars will eventually reshape the car design as things like
windshields will become less necessary. Drivers will be able to sit wherever they’d
like in their cars. There will be no need for gas and brake pedals as speed will be
automatically controlled by the computer. The steering wheel and the turn signal
arm can also be eliminated once the public gets used to reliability of these vehicles.
Each passenger will have a personal video display informing about a current
location, the distance to your destination, speed and personal entertainment
selections. The concept of ‘distracted driving’ will disappear as there will be no
reason to pay attention to where you are going.
Vehicle owners will no longer buy collision insurance since manufacturers
will be solely responsible for damage. Owners will only need theft insurance and
coverage for hail, falling objects or floods. To take this one step further, personal
vehicle ownership may dramatically diminish. Car dealers will have lots full of
vehicles for hire on a daily or hourly basis instead of vehicles for sale. When you
need a car, you’ll summon one using your mobile phone. The closest unmanned
vehicle will be dispatched to your home to take you where you need to go. When
done, you’ll simply push the button for the unmanned vehicle to drive itself back
to the rental lot.
The social and cultural impact of driverless cars could cause far more
upheaval than any of us could imagine. Perhaps, it would be even greater than the
impact the Internet had on commerce and communication. Obviously, the picture
being painted is the one that assumes total adoption, which is far from realistic. You will always have transitional delays caused by the lack of free cars, the
longevity of today’s vehicles and cultural resistance.
This resembles the historical factors that affected the transition from horse to
the automobile. At the moment, the driverless car seems like a novelty. However,
it will open up new prospects. The prospect of flying cars may soon become a
reality. With computer-controlled vehicles that strictly follow traffic rules, three-dimensional
roads become far less scary and more a matter of simply solving the
technological challenge.
Where we’re going, we may not need roads at all.

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According to the author driverless cars will become cheap enough for most people
to buy within the following …
Which of the following statements is TRUE, according to the text?
To operate a driverless car, their owners will be required to …
Which of the following, according to the author, will a driverless car have?
The author claims that with the introduction of driverless cars …
According to the author, driverless cars will be …
The attitude of the author towards the driverless cars may be described as …

Задания 19-25

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19–25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19–25.

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Do you know the origin of the place name Alaska? The name Alaska comes from the Aleut word alaxsxaq, “an object toward which the action of the sea is directed” – that is, the mainland. [MEAN]
It is also known as Alyeska, the “great land”, an Aleut word from the same root. [FORM]
Its nicknames are the Land of the Midnight Sun and America’s Last Frontier. Its first nicknames were “Seward’s folly” and “Seward’s icebox” to laugh at the secretary of state who negotiated the purchase of Alaska from Russia, which foolish at the time. [CONSIDER]
Have you seen the photos of the London Eye? The London Eye is a giant observation wheel in the Jubilee Gardens on the South Bank of the river Thames. [LOCATE]
The structure by the architectural team of David Marks and Julia Barfield, husband and wife. [DESIGN]
They submitted their idea for a large observation wheel as part of a competition to design a landmark for the new millennium. None of the entrants the competition. [WIN]
However, the couple pressed on and eventually got the backing of British Airways, who sponsored project. [THEY]

Задания 26-31

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26–31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26–31.

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Some learners of English think that pronunciation is not very important. That is wrong. [ABSOLUTE]
Even if you have an acceptable grasp of the English language, with good grammar and an vocabulary, native English speakers may find you very difficult to understand you if you don't work on your pronunciation. [EXTEND]
Correct, clear pronunciation is if you really want to improve your level of English. [ESSENCE]
Pay particular attention to any sounds that you are with or that do not exist in your native tongue. [FAMILIAR]
For example, have difficulty pronouncing the “th” sound, as it does not exist in their native language. [RUSSIA]
Remember that the pronunciation of certain English words varies depending on the part of the world it's spoken in. For example, American English differs from British English. [GREAT]

Задания 32-38

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32–38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32–38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Mexico City
Mexico City was hot and frantic with Olympic gamesmanship. The hotels were full but, fortunately, Kevin owned a country house just outside the city which
we 32___________ our headquarters. The Whites also had their home in Mexico City but they were more often than not at Kevin’s private palace. I must 33_________ that when Kevin decided to move he moved fast. Like a good general, he marshalled his army close to the point of impact; he spent a small fortune on telephone calls and 34___________ in getting all we needed for the expedition in the shortest time possible. I had a fast decision to make, too. My job was a good one and I hated to give it 35_______________ unceremoniously, but Kevin was pushing hard. I 36_______________ my boss and he was good enough to give me six months’ leave of absence. I deceived him in a way, I gave him the right destination but not the real reason for going there. Yet I think that going to Yucatan could be understood as looking 37________ my father’s estate. Kevin also used resources that only money can buy. The thought of it made me a bit dizzy. Kevin was able to lift a telephone and set a private police force in motion. It made me open my eyes and think again. There was something about Kevin that got at me. Whatever it was, I preferred to keep it bottled up. Will I 38________it in the future?

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32
33
34
35
36
37
38

При выполнении заданий 32-38 вам поможет:

Методичка “Фразовые глаголы”

Задание 39

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Jane who writes:

… Yesterday my Mum asked me to help her about the house. We were very busy with cleaning up after the birthday party the whole morning. I got quite tired and even missed my fitness class. What are your family duties, if any? Is there anything you especially like or dislike about house work? Do you find helping your parents necessary, why or why not?

Oh, I have some great news! I got a lovely kitten for my birthday…

Write a letter to Jane.
In your letter:
− answer his questions;
− ask 3 questions about her kitten.
Write 100–140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.

Как написать личное письмо на ЕГЭ по английскому языку

Задание 40

Выберите только ОДНО из двух предложенных высказываний (40.1 или 40.2), укажите его номер в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2 и выразите своё мнение
по предложенной проблеме согласно данному плану.


Comment on one of the following statements.


40.1 Some people think that you can have only one true friend.

40.2 Some people think that extreme sports help to build character.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200–250 words.


Use the following plan:
– make an introduction (state the problem paraphrasing the given
statement);
– express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion;
– express an opposing opinion and give 1–2 reasons for this opposing
opinion;
– explain why you do not agree with the opposing opinion;
– make a conclusion restating your position.

Вам помогут:

Методичка: “Примерные темы и аргументы для эссе (с лексикой)”

Курс эссе

Удачи на экзамене!