УСТНАЯ ЧАСТЬ

ВАРИАНТ 1

Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Nature is in more trouble now than ever before in human history. More than 1 million species are on the brink of extinction. And species loss is happening hundreds of times faster than it did in the past. All of that is according to a new report from the United Nations. It is the first U.N. report to take an in-depth look at the health of the Earth’s plant and animal species. The report was compiled by more than 450 researchers. They used 15,000 scientific and government studies to create it. A summary was realeased today, and the full 1,500-page report will be released later this year. According to the report, the greatest threat to plants and animals is habitat loss. This happens when humans use land and water for purposes such as farming, fishing, and building cities. Three-quarters of Earth’s land-based environment has been significantly altered by human actions.

Task 2. Study the advertisement. You are considering taking up swimming classes and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

  1. tuition fee
  2. number of people in the group
  3. equipment needed
  4. duration of the course
  5. if they have discounts for students

Task 3. These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend. You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences).

In your talk remember to speak about:


• where and when the photo was taken;
• what/who is in the photo;
• what is happening;
• why you keep the photo in your album;
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend.


You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number …”.

Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:


• give a brief description of the photos (action, location);
• say what the pictures have in common;
• say in what way the pictures are different;
• say which kind of work presented in the pictures you’d prefer;
• explain why.

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

ВАРИАНТ 2

Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Many lands that had once been swamps were drained or filled in. There are different reasons why people drained swamplands. Some were drained to fight diseases caused by insects that lived in them. Because swamps were considered unpleasant places in which to live and harmful to health, many people thought that unless they were drained the land was worthless.

Other swamps were drained to make new land. As the population grew and more land was needed, people drained swamps or filled them to make room for more farms and factories, more roads and airports.

Few people thought that it might be harmful to get rid of swamps. As swamps disappeared, other things happened. There were both more floods and more droughts than before. There were also more fires, for swamps had acted as firebreaks. Hunters noticed that there was less wild game. Wild life that once lived in the swamps was dying out, because it had no place to live.

Task 2. Study the advertisement. You are considering to go paragliding at the paragliding training centre and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

  1. opening hours
  2. starting point
  3. price for one person
  4. if preparation needed
  5. trainer’s assistance

Task 3. These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend. You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences).

In your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken;
• what/who is in the photo;
• what is happening;
• why you keep the photo in your album;
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend.

You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number …”.

Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location);
• say what the pictures have in common;
• say in what way the pictures are different;
• say which means of transport presented in the pictures you prefer;
• explain why.

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

ВАРИАНТ 3

Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

The first maps were drawn by explorers to help them find their way home and show people where they had been. The maps showed the shape of the land, distances between places and special features such as caves and old trees. Nowadays, maps show the towns and villages, and the roads, railways, rivers and mountains. Symbols are used to show all the different things on a map and there is a key to explain what the symbols stand for.

Over the centuries, people explored most of the Earth and put together the map of the world we use today. Maps of the world or large areas are often either “political” or “physical”. The political map shows territorial borders. The purpose of the physical map is to show features of geography such as mountains, soil type or land use including roads, railroads and buildings.

Task 2. Study the advertisement. You are considering buying an ebook at the electronics shop and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

  1. price
  2. if any special programmes needed to be installed
  3. if it is waterproof
  4. battery life
  5. brightness options

Task 3. These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend. You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences).

In your talk remember to speak about:


• where and when the photo was taken;
• what/who is in the photo;
• what is happening;
• why you keep the photo in your album;
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend.


You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number …”.

Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:


• give a brief description of the photos (action, location);
• say what the pictures have in common;
• say in what way the pictures are different;
• say which types of holidays presented in the pictures you’d prefer;
• explain why.

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

ВАРИАНТ 4

Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

The giraffe may soon join the lion and elephant on the endangered species list. In April, Wildlife Service said it would consider putting it there. Designating giraffes as endangered would restrict people from bringing the animals into the United States. It would also set aside federal money. This would be used for conservation efforts. Giraffes capture our imaginations from childhood on, but many people don’t realize how few are left in the wild. Giraffes currently live in 21 African countries. They have been wiped out in at least seven others. Conservationists say habitat loss and poaching are major threats. Since 1985, giraffe populations have decreased by 40%. There are only about 68,000 adult giraffes left. That’s less than a quarter of the African elephant population.

Task 2. Study the advertisement. You are considering going to the amusement park and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

  1. location
  2. opening hours
  3. if discounts for groups available
  4. minimum age to ride a roller coaster
  5. ticket price

Task 3. These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend. You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences).

In your talk remember to speak about:


• where and when the photo was taken;
• what/who is in the photo;
• what is happening;
• why you keep the photo in your album;
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend.


You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number …”.

Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:


• give a brief description of the photos (action, location);
• say what the pictures have in common;
• say in what way the pictures are different;
• say which ways of spending your free time presented in the pictures you prefer;
• explain why.

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

ВАРИАНТ 5

Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Monarch butterfly populations in California reached a historic low in 2018, according to a new count. It estimates that the number of monarchs dropped 86% from 2017. Experts say monarchs are in danger of extinction in the next several decades if nothing is done to save the species. Each year, environmental groups count monarch butterflies in California. They do so at 97 sites across the state. Last year, they counted fewer than 30,000 butterflies. 2018 was a tough year to be a monarch butterfly in the West. Weather conditions may be one reason for the drop in numbers. But other factors could also be at play. These include habitat loss and pesticides. Climate change could also be making an impact. What people can and should be working on is addressing and reversing widespread habitat loss and pesticide use throughout the monarch’s range.

Task 2. Study the advertisement. You are considering going on a bus tour and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

  1. price for a person
  2. audio guide in English
  3. starting point
  4. duration of the tour
  5. stops close to any shopping centres

Task 3. These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend. You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences).

In your talk remember to speak about:


• where and when the photo was taken;
• what/who is in the photo;
• what is happening;
• why you keep the photo in your album;
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend.


You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number …”.

Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:


• give a brief description of the photos (action, location);
• say what the pictures have in common;
• say in what way the pictures are different;
• say which ways of spending your leisure time presented in the pictures you’d prefer;
• explain why.

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.